Complex Trauma & PTSD
Most people will experience trauma in their lifetime, whether it is a car accident, abuse or neglect, the sudden death of a loved one, a violent criminal act, exposure to the violence of war, or a natural disaster.
While many people can recover from trauma over time with the love and support of family and friends and bounce back with resiliency, others may discover effects of lasting trauma, which can cause a person to live with deep emotional pain, fear, confusion, or posttraumatic stress far after the event has passed.
In these circumstances, the support, guidance, and assistance of a therapist are fundamental to healing from trauma.
According to the four types of symptoms listed in the DSM-5
- Avoiding specific locations, sights, situations, and sounds that serve as reminders of the event
- Anxiety, depression, numbness, or guilt
- Intrusive thoughts, nightmares, or flashbacks
- Anger, irritability, and hypervigilance
- Aggressive, reckless behavior, including self-harm
- Sleep disturbances
Negative Mood and Cognition Symptoms
- Loss of interest in activities
- Difficulty remembering details of the distressing event
- Change in habits or behavior since the trauma
Empirical research studies and evidence-based research has proven psychotherapy to be the most effective form of trauma treatment. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and EMDR Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing help treat complex trauma and PTSD symptoms.